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Menstrual cycle: everything you need to know

Although it is part of women's lives, the menstrual cycle is not easy to understand. How does it work? We explain everything to you. 

The menstrual cycle is an integral part of women's lives from puberty to menopause. However, it is not always easy to understand. We take stock of the subject to enlighten you.

 

How does the menstrual cycle work?

If you are still wondering what a menstrual cycle is, here is a very simple explanation. The menstrual cycle is a natural process that each month prepares the female body to welcome menstruation.

 

How long is the menstrual cycle?

This cycle begins on the first day of menstruation and ends on the first day of the next period. It continues if there is no fertilization and therefore no pregnancy. For most women, this menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, but it can vary between 25 and 32 days.

 

Phases of the menstrual cycle

You may not know this, but the menstrual cycle is divided into two hormonal phases.

 

  • Phase 1: The estrogen phase

This stage starts on the first day of menstruation and lasts 14 days. During this period the ovaries produce estrogen which will allow the endometrium - the lining of the uterus - to thicken to accommodate an embryo in the event of fertilization.

 

  • Phase 2: The progesterone phase

You are familiar with this phase because it is the phase of the rules. It begins after ovulation and lasts 2 weeks. Progesterone production peaks about 8 days after ovulation and then decreases.

This hormonal fluctuation influences the condition of the endometrium. As a result, because it no longer receives as much blood and oxygen, the upper lining of the mucous membrane "gradually degenerates and is evacuated through the vagina in the form of bleeding, which is called menstruation", as the Gynandco site states.

 

Hormones, pain and mood swings: what you need to know

During the menstrual cycle, and therefore this hormonal fluctuation, women can experience pain and emotions of varying intensity.

Breast pain, stomach aches, headaches, fatigue, nausea, irritability, depression and hypersensitivity are common.

In other words, if you start to cry or get angry for no reason, it is quite normal. It is your hormones that are at work. The main thing is to listen to your body. For example, if you feel tired, calm down. Is your appetite more important? Treat yourself! Do you have a stomach ache? Get some rest.

This period is far from pleasant for women, so think of yourself and pamper yourself!

 

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